There are various reasons why our feet sweat.

There are roughly 250,000 sweat glands on a pair of feet, which produce as much as half a pint of moisture each day.

How to Prevent Sweaty Feet (DelrayBeachPodiatry.com)
How to Prevent Sweaty Feet (DelrayBeachPodiatry.com)

Most people sweat when it’s hot out, or when they become warm. There are others, however, who sweat excessively almost all the time.

No one knows exactly why it occurs, but genetics is said to play a role, as individuals with sweaty feet commonly share their affliction with their families.

Additionally, some experts believe that conditions that cause people to sweat excessively regardless of their surroundings, such as hyperhidrosis, may have something to do with the sympathetic nervous system, but it is still unknown whether this is due to over-activity of the system or the sweat glands themselves.

Aside from genetics, excessive sweating is most commonly brought on by emotional stress or physical exertion.

Your feet may also be sweating due to the type of footwear you use. The biggest offenders are certain types of shoes and shoes that are made of plastic or some type of synthetic fabric lining. Nylon and 100% cotton socks act like a sponge and lock moisture in, which in turn keeps your feet wet at all times.

If your feet sweat excessively and are not treated properly, it is more than likely that itchiness, redness and foul odor will follow.

Luckily, Dr. Ian S. Goldbaum of Delray Beach Podiatry is here to help!

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If you are suffering from cracked feet it’s more than likely that you have a common condition known simply as dry skin.

Learn how to care for dry, cracked feet!
Learn how to care for dry, cracked feet!

This fairly common condition can range from simple dry skin to painful, peeling or flaking areas of the skin and/or red, itchy patches. It most commonly occurs on the heels, ball of foot, or sides of the foot.

Dry skin, also known as xerosis, is usually considered a cosmetic problem, but if left untreated it can lead to a variety of far more serious problems.

Causes

Dry feet are caused by a lack of moisture in the skin. There are several common factors that can lead to dry feet, including:

  • Excessively hot showers or baths
  • Skin conditions such as eczema
  • Using non-moisturizing soaps
  • Medical conditions such as diabetes or thyroid disease
  • Cold weather
  • Physical Stress
  • Low humidity
  • Aging
  • Lengthy exposure to the sun

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Calluses can develop on hands, feet, or anywhere there is repeated friction. The common callus usually occurs when there’s been a lot of rubbing against the hands or feet.

Foot calluses typically have a yellowed or grayish coloration and can be unsightly and painful. A plantar callus is found on the bottom of the foot.

How to get rid of calluses (www.DelrayBeachPodiatry.com)
How to get rid of calluses (www.DelrayBeachPodiatry.com)

The feet typically develop calluses from an improper walking motion or ill-fitting shoes that create unwanted friction as you move. High-heeled shoes, which put added pressure on toes, are one of the worst offenders and the main reason why women are four times more likely to have foot problems than men.

Luckily, calluses are not permanent. By following some of the treatment steps below, you should be callus-free in no time!

Find the Source

When dealing with calluses, it’s important to first find the source of your problem. If this pesky source of friction and aggravation isn’t alleviated, your corns and calluses will not heal, and removal will be followed by recurrence. The best place to start when searching for the source would be your shoes as ill-fitting shoes often do not have enough toe space and constrict the toes together. In some cases, a podiatrist may be called upon to craft a custom-made orthotic in order to get the right fit for those who suffer from chronic calluses.

Soak and Scrub

Soak your feet in warm, soapy water for about 10 minutes. As you do this, your skin should start to soften. You may add Epsom salts or other ingredients to your soak, but they’re not necessary. With a back-and-forth motion and moderate pressure, rub a wet pumice stone over the growths, sanding the corns and calluses down, intermittently rinsing to remove pumice stone particles. Do not overly scrub your feet and stop immediately if you begin to feel pain.

Don’t Forget to Dry

After a good soak and scrub, make sure to dry your affected area completely if you’re interested in getting rid of calluses on feet permanently. It is important that you don’t allow it to remain damp. You should always use towel to remove the moisture. You can also apply a topical antibiotic to the area where the callus was and to surrounding skin in order to lower the risk of infection. If you got too close to the skin, use a bandage to protect the wound.

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Running is a good and popular method of exercise that helps the runner lose weight and have better cardiovascular health. Running can also be very relaxing to some people since it can be therapeutic, and the additional health benefits make people choose running over many other types of exercise. Running also transports you from place to place, and it can be done with minimal equipment and whatever amount of time you have available. Running on different surfaces, such as pavement, sand and grass, all have a different impact to your feet.

Running on Different Surfaces

Running on Pavement

Running on pavement puts added stress on the foot and leg. (MorgueFiles.com)
Running on pavement puts added stress on the foot and leg. (MorgueFiles.com)

Running on pavement means you can run faster, because the surface is smooth and even. However, the consequence is that the surface is harder and has a bigger impact on the body due to the fact each stride can hit the same spot and cause the same impact stresses on the foot and leg. For those who already have issues with your feet, this may not be something you want to hear and maybe it’s time to change your scenery.

Beach Running

Running on the beach and sand is less stressful to the legs and hips because the impact of each stride is absorbed by the sand. It also requires more muscles to engage because of the lesser rebound effect, compared to pavement. The hip flexors, quads and glutes are all involved more when participating in beach running. For some, the intention of more muscle involvement makes beach running more attractive than other surfaces. For those with foot issues, this is a better alternative than pavement for your runs (and you can’t beat the views!).

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About 20 percent of the population suffers from brittle nail syndrome, a condition that causes toenails to become extremely brittle and ultimately break.

Your toenails are made up of layers of protein that are responsible for making the nail strong and thick. In people suffering from brittle nail syndrome, these protein layers separate or break down.

Get help for brittle toenails at Delray Beach Podiatry. [Image via MorgueFile.com]
Get help for brittle toenails at Delray Beach Podiatry. [Image via MorgueFile.com]
It’s important to remember that like our skin, nails can also dry out, which causes them to break and become more vulnerable to toenail infections. This condition most often occurs with repeated exposure to moisture and can be exacerbated by low atmospheric humidity. This is because your nails expand when they come into contact with water, and then contract when they dry out. Unfortunately, this constant back and forth between expansion and contract eventually takes a toll on your nails and makes them brittle.

Medically known as onychorrhexis, brittle toenails are visually unappealing as it causes the nails become rigid and split.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Nails that break or peel easily
  • Flaking at the base of the nail
  • Your nails have a series of longitudinal ridges
  • The protein layers of your nails break down or separate

There is often not one single cause for brittle toenail syndrome, but rather a number of factors working together.

At Delray Beach Podiatry, Dr. Ian S. Goldbaum, a podiatric physician and surgeon with over 30 years of experience, has found that there are several possible causes of of brittle toenail syndrome that include, but are not limited to the following:

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