Arthritis is a non discriminatory disease that affects people of all ages. The disease attacks the joints and bones of the ankles, arms, hands, fingers, toes and legs and sometimes the back. In severe cases patients are immobile which can cause bone deformity and other physical ailments due to their lack of physical movement.

There are three main types of arthritis Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid and Post Traumatic. Each one has its own triggering mechanism that affects individuals accordingly. The severity of these diseases requires the assistance a professional podiatrist. The podiatrist develops a treatment plan which depends on several factors such as type, severity and location. Patients developing arthritis in the knee or in foot bones and joints can be degenerative and should seek medical attention right away.

Rheumatoid arthritis causes symmetry symptoms within the body. It does to one side of the body what it does to the other side of the body. For instance, it affects hands, feet and ankles at the same time. When arthritis attacks the knees, ankles and feet walking becomes nearly impossible and painful.

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Athletes Foot

Athletes foot does not affect only athletes. It is a common disease of the foot caused by bacteria and fungal infection. The skin on the foot becomes flaky, scaly and itchy. People who walk around barefoot in wet or moist areas have a higher risk of contracting the fungus. Wearing appropriate shoes in the bathroom, locker room, and shower areas can prevent the growth of the fungal infection.

The foot is not the only area this fungus can attack. Other parts of the body are at risk as well if the fungus is not treated. The groin area is often affected by the fungal infection and is referred to as Jock itch.

Sometimes home remedies work great but do not produce a cure. Ajoene is often used to treat athletes foot; it is compound in garlic. This compound effectiveness reduces symptoms in the first week of usage. Apple cider vinegar is said to resolve chronic conditions if placed inside the sock, footwear and hosiery.

It is not easy to avoid the signs of athletes foot. Pain, inflammation, blisters, cracked skin, swelling and raw tissue exposure are painful symptoms associated with athletes foot. Pretty noticable ~ Symptoms of this severity require the attention of a qualified podiatrist.

Treatment involves using tropical antifungal cream, and/or gels and taking prescribed medication. Practicing good personal hygiene and keeping the affected area dry are also priceless preventive measures. Ointments containing Zinc Oxide as well as talcum powder help to absorb the moisture and kill the bacteria.

Without proper treatment the infection only worsens and spreads to other areas of the body. A podiatrist will address this problem and stop the spread of athletes foot and help patients get back to their normal routine.

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Foot Doctor

Seeing a foot doctor is common for athletes and Olympic champions. Athletes put a lot of pressure on their feet and so do Olympians. The biggest assets for most athletes are their feet and when injuries are sustained their chances of winning a trophy is out the window.

Lots of foot injuries happen inside the arena, on the field, and during practice. Some injuries are not serious and require the standard R.I.C.E. treatment.This technique is quite popular in the sporting industry and in the Olympic fields. Rest, ice, compress and evaluation is the most widely used home remedy that works well for minor foot ailments.

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Heel pain is the most common complaint and can be the most difficult to diagnose. However, there are several problems associated with painful heels. Most patients suffer from Plantar Fasciitis; a condition that causes inflammation around the surrounding arch, which is located on the bottom of the foot. Excessive walking and standing can irritate the heels and cause them to become sore and painful.

Common Causes and Treatments

Spurs are similar to Plantar Fasciitis and is often found in patients who suffer from painful heels due to long periods of standing. Another problem which causes pinched nerves in the back of the foot is called, Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, a condition similar to that of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Most patients suffer from pain on the heel or pain underneath the heel. This condition is referred to as Posterior heel pain and can cause Achilles Tendonitis as well as Retro calcaneal Bursitis. Stress factures are uncommon and are mostly found in athletes and track and field runners. It is difficult to determine the severity of a problem without knowing the cause. Consulting with an orthopedic doctor will ensure an accurate diagnosis.

Seek the assistance of a specialist if any of these symptoms are present:

· Difficulty walking

· Continuous heel pain during the night or during periods of rest

· Swelling, discoloration and pain in heel and foot

Any of these symptoms require the attention of an orthopedic doctor. In the meantime rest and avoid long periods of walking and standing.

Treatments for These conditions include medication and exercise.

· Resting the feet is the oldest and safest way to relax the muscles in the leg and keep pressure off the ankle and heels. Applying an ice pack for a few minutes is also helpful in relieving pain and reducing inflammation.

· Towel stretches are great for early morning warm ups. Use the towel to pull the toes toward the body without bending the knees. Apply this technique a few times to both feet.

· Strapping and splinting techniques are great alternatives for keeping the pressure off the heels. A podiatrist is the one who teaches patients how to apply the straps. Splints are available from a supplier or from specialty shops.

Another treatment method is Corticosteroid injections. It reduces the pain and inflammation associated with painful heels. Other alternatives may include therapy and surgery.

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Ankle Injury and Heel Injury

The feet are responsible for carrying the weight of the entire body. Everyday routines like walking, jumping, running and exercising take a toll on both the ankle and the heel over a period of time. Swelling, soreness, and irritation are common complaints most patients have.

Common Injuries and Treatments

The podiatrist treat ankle and heel injuries all the time but a home remedy might be able to relieve the stress until an office visit can be acquired. Ankle sprains are not serious unless a ligament is torn or the fibula is broken.

Home Remedies for Ankle or Heel Injuries

Most ankle sprains damages the soft tissue and requires the patient to use R.I.C.E. rest, ice, compression and elevation. This is the best home remedy for treating soft tissue injury.

Achilles tendonitis affects the calf muscle leading to the heels. Self treatment works if the symptoms are attended to early. The treatment for this condition is also R.I.C.E. When self-treatment does not relieve the pain or reduce the swelling, the next step is to visit a Podiatrist.

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